Dismantling Jim Crow: challenges to racial segregation, 1935-1955
Black History Bulletin
By the early 1950s, most municipal entities dropped their color bar, including the Baltimore City Fire Department, which appointed ten black firelighters in 1953. By 1956, after numerous failed attempts in the preceding years, the Baltimore City Council passed a fair employment practices law, creating a nine-member Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. During the 1940s, legal challenges to restrictive covenants continued, though lower courts habitually turned black plaintiffs away.\n The victory in the case Donald Murray v. the University of Maryland suggested that the upper-end, unique programs were the places to begin challenging inequity.
Terry, David Taft, "Dismantling Jim Crow: challenges to racial segregation, 1935-1955" (2004). College of Liberal Arts. 103.