Title

The American Association for the Advancement of Science committee on evolution and the Scopes trial: race, eugenics and public science in the U.S.A.: Race, eugenics and public science in the U.S.A.

Authors

Alexander Pavuk

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Historical Research

Publication Date

2018

Date Added

2022-05-16

Abstract

Instead of viewing racial eugenics, modernist religion and prescriptions for social engineering as discourses tangential to the evolution constructs propounded by top scientists in the build-up to the Scopes trial, this article considers how the American Association for the Advancement of Science's committee on evolution intertwined all of these threads by the early nineteen-twenties. Committee members aimed their evolution models at broad public audiences even as they tried to fulfill the American Civil Liberties Union's request to provide a scientifically-sound view of evolution to help combat Protestant fundamentalism in the build-up to the trial. Racialist eugenics was essential to their multi-layered evolution constructs, as were key religious ideas particular to Protestant modernism.

DOI

10.1111/1468-2281.12208

Keywords

History of racism

Disciplines

History

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