The present study examines the model of freight consolidation platforms, and urban distribution centers (UDCs) in particular, as a means to solve the last mile problem of urban freight while reducing vehicle miles traveled and associated environmental impacts. This paper attempts to identify the key characteristics that make UDCs successful and discuss under what contextual settings (e.g., institutional, policy) they work best. After an extensive review of UDC cases already implemented in other countries, the study examined three UDCs cases with potential applicability to the New York metropolitan region, discussing models and relevant features and elements that may be transferred to the New York context.
Panero, Marta A.; SHin, Hyeon-Shic Morgan State University; and Lopez, Daniel Polo Morgan State University, "Urban distribution centers: a means to reducing freight vehicle miles traveled." (2011). School of Architecture and Planning. 50.