Title

WIC-Based Interventions to Promote Breastfeeding Among African-American Women in Baltimore: Effects on Breastfeeding Initiation and Continuation

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Journal of Human Lactation

Publication Date

1998

Date Added

2022-07-12

Abstract

We evaluated the single and combined effects of introducing a motivational video and peer counseling into four matched WIC clinics on breastfeeding initiation and continuation at 7-10 days among African-American WIC participants. Of the 242 women with complete data, 48% initiated breastfeeding, but only 31% were still breastfeeding at 7-10 days. Initiation was associated with cesarean delivery, infant feeding instruction, no artificial milk discharge pack, attending the peer counselor only-intervention site, and intention to breastfeed. Continuation was influenced by infant feeding instruction, no artificial milk discharge pack, and intention to breastfeed. Overall, trends toward a positive impact of the breastfeeding promotion activities were evident but weak, and largely gone by 7-10 days postpartum.

DOI

10.1177/089033449801400110

Keywords

Health

Disciplines

Public Health

Comments/Extra Notes

Additional authors: Kessler, Lisa; Jensen, Joan; Weathers, Benita; Paige, David M.

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