Examining the Health Belief Model Risk Factors on PrEP Use Among African-American Women Ages 20-44

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA

Publication Date


Date Added



Truvada, also referred to as Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP), is the first medication approved for the purpose of preventing HIV infection. This study examined the odds of PrEP use solely among African-American women by comparing, by demographic profile, the relationship between risk taking behaviors of the Health Belief Model and the likelihood of PrEP use. A secondary data analysis from the 2013 National Survey on the potential adoption of PrEP was analyzed in this study. The sample for this study was 791 African-American women aged 20-44. The Health Belief Model constructs served as predictor risk factors for PrEP use. Results indicated that younger women of lower socioeconomic status (SES), higher levels of barriers, and higher levels of perceived susceptibility were more willing to take PrEP. This has significant implications for public health practice, policy, and opportunities for further research to establish interventions that incorporate increasing self-efficacy in PrEP use.




Public Health