Title

The impact of acculturation on psychosocial well-being among immigrant Muslim youth

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2008

Date Added

2022-09-01

Abstract

This dissertation describes and examines the acculturation and psychosocial adaptation of immigrant Muslim youth. Acculturation theories serve as theoretical guide in understanding the acculturative patterns and psychosocial adaptation of immigrant Muslim youth. This dissertation has four primary objectives: (1) to discuss the demographic characteristics of immigrant Muslim youth, (2) provide results of the ecological and psychosocial indices, (3) to examine the relationship between acculturation and psychosocial adaptation, and (4) to examine the relationship between ecological factors and psychosocial adaptation. This cross-sectional study used a self-administered survey with a diverse sample of 175 immigrant Muslim youth residing in large metropolitan city in the United States. Canonical correlation findings reveal that ecological factors (family cohesion, family support, perceived discrimination, religiosity, and ethnic language) were significantly associated with acculturation strategies and psychosocial adaptation (self-esteem and depression). In addition, the results of the first regression analysis reveal that the overall model explains 22 percent of the variance in depression with four of the five factors (family support, religiosity, perceived discrimination, and ethnic language) associated with depression. The results of the second regression analysis show that the overall model explains 21 percent of the variance in self-esteem with two of the five factors (family support and perceived discrimination) were associated with self-esteem. The findings of this study suggest that measuring acculturation with Muslim youth and other immigrant groups should be domain specific as acculturation is unbounded. Moreover, existing measurements to assess psychosocial adaptation with Muslim populations may not be appropriate as due to their ethnic and cultural distinctiveness. The findings of this study suggest that preventative interventions targeting psychosocial adaptation of immigrant Muslim youth should address discrimination and racism and strive to integrate religion, family support, and ethnic language strategies.

Disciplines

Social Work

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