Title

Psychosocial Correlates of Depressive Symptoms Among Preadolescent African American Youth

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Urban Social Work

Publication Date

2018

Date Added

2022-09-01

Abstract

The present study seeks to explore the correlations of depressive symptoms among African American youth. The sample included 118 African American preadolescents (age range: 9–12, M = 10.54; SD = 1.02) living in an urban environment. The sample was primarily female (64.4%, n = 76) and in the 4th grade (43.2%, n = 51). Depressive symptoms were negatively associated with spiritual well-being, self-esteem and positively associated with exposure to violence and bullying. This study identified correlations as well as predictors of depressive symptoms. The predictors include spiritual well-being, bullying, exposure to violence, and self-esteem. These findings documented individual and social level psychosocial factors as an important determinant of depressive symptoms. Furthermore, these findings provided needed empirical evidence documenting factors that affect depressive symptoms among African American children.

DOI

10.1891/2474-8684.2.1.48

Disciplines

Social Work

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