Title

Race, Environmental Justice, and Interest Group Mobilizations: Hazardous Waste and the Case of Sumter County, Alabama.

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Western Journal of Black Studies

Publication Date

2007

Date Added

2022-05-23

Abstract

This study examines the impact the dynamics of environmental group movements, race, and interest group mobilization. A case study approach is used to study the challenges that exist in balancing environmental concerns with civil right concerns in African American communities. This study looks at the establishment of a hazardous facility in the town of Emelle, Sumter county, Alabama; the grassroots coalitions that bloomed in response to the facility; the dynamics of race and alliances that ensued with the establishment of environmental interest groups; and the impact of the differences in agenda setting between an all-White environmental group and the Black civil rights leaders in Sumter county. It is interesting to observe the development of grassroots coalitions in Emelle; the strategies used by these small groups in confronting an industrial giant; and the clash that emerged between the goals of environmental coalitions and goals of civil rights or social equity in Sumter County. It is proposed that positive community-wide mobilization can be initiated by avoiding a narrow focus on environmental justice and linking environmental justice to the broader political, social, and economic issues of the community.

Keywords

Climate, Environmental Justice

Disciplines

Political Science

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