Food insecurity and psychological well-being among women living with HIV/AIDS on antiretroviral therapy in the Alabama Black Belt

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal (PAWJ)

Publication Date


Date Added



The objective of this research was to estimate the prevalence of food insecurity and determine if food insecurity is associated with psychological well-being among women living with HIV/AIDS. Survey data were collected from 268 women living with HIV/AIDS attending two clinics that provide medical and social support services to HIV-positive patients who live in 23 counties in Southeast Alabama. The results indicated that, using USDA food security scale, 54% of the women were food insecure. Multiple regression analysis results indicated that income, depressive symptoms, race, and participation in SNAP were significant predictors of food insecurity; employment and education were not statistically significant predictors. The overall model was significant at the 5% level reflecting the validity of the model. Based on these results, programs that address food insecurity should be a critical component of HIV/AIDS treatment in the Alabama Black Belt.


Public Health